Uttarakhand is the 27th state of the Republic of India. Uttarakhand came into existence on November 9, 2000. After being created from Uttar Pradesh, it was Earlier known as Uttaranchal.
Uttarakhand is Situated in the north of the country, and it is bounded by the China and Nepal. Uttarakhand is bounded by the states Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, of Indian Republic. Dehradun is the capital city of the Uttarakhand state.
Blessed with natural wonders like lofty peaks, shimmering lakes and streams, lush forests, pleasant climate, numerous adventure sports destinations and important Hindu pilgrimage centers. Uttarakhand draws visitors from all over the world. Be ATITHI in Uttarakhand to get a close look of nature and its marvelous wonders.
There are two major part of Uttarakhand, Kumaon region, and Garhwal region. Here you can find different culture, tradition, and food. People of Uttarakhand is also called ‘Paharis’ (People of the mountains). About 90 percent of the state population is Hindus (Hindus who speaks Kumaoni and Garhwali), rest of the population is Islamic, Buddhist or other religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni are the regional languages of Uttarakhand. Hindi is the official language and Sanskrit is the second official language of Uttarakhand.
Uttarakhand region’s sculptural art, crafts, dance, and music has always the heartland of Hindu culture. The culture of Uttarakhand presents a fine blend of exoticism as well as philosophy. A number of the festival the in the state all through the year. Some of the famous festivals include Makar Sankranti (Ghughutia), Basant Panchami, Phool Dei, Harela, Batsavitri and Ganga Dussehra. Uttrakhand also celebrates major Indian festivals such as Holi, Diwali, Navratri, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha and Christmas.
The food in Uttarakhand is considered as god. About 90 percent of the population of Uttarakhand depends on agriculture. People of Uttarakhand grow most of the grains by themselves.
Food is often cooked in pure ghee where it can be affordable and is high in hot spices such as red chillies.
Delicious traditional dishes of Uttarakhand includes-
It is one of the best dishes of Uttarakhand. Dubuk is prepared by the crushed pulses and it is best served with rice.
Bhaang ki chutney prepared by the Hemp seeds (BHANG). It simply enhances the taste of every other cuisine and its fresh aroma and tangy taste will linger in your mouth.
If you have been to Uttarakhand you might have heard of Chainsoo at some place or the other. It is a very famous Garhwali dish which is made of Urad or Kali Dal and thus consists of a lot of protein.
Raita is a dish which can be served with every meal. This raita can makes your mouth watering any time. The locals say that ‘ without Raita, the meals are incomplete’. Raita is prepared from curd, turmeric, green chillies, and cucumber. The goodness of cucumber is an asset for your health.
It is a kind of green leafy vegetable popular as bichhu ghass, Kandalee.
This dish is highly popular among the visitors and tourists are none other than the Siyon Ka Saag. Like all other dishes of Uttarakhand, this is too rich in nutrients.
A famous sweet of Almora, studded with tiny globules of sugar and made from milk cooked till it’s brown and semi-solid.
Made from desiccated coconut and khoya, and wrapped in a fragrant leaf.
In Uttarakhand jalebi is considered as the alternative of sweet. Jalebi is made by deep-frying maida flour batter in pretzel or circular shapes and then soaked in sugar syrup.
In Uttarakhand, there are different colours for every season. There are two different climatic regions in Uttarakhand namely, the hilly terrain and the smaller plain region. Therefore, the weather is also varied, depends on the particular regions.it can be defined in three ways-
In the plain region of Uttarakhand, the maximum temperature in summers can cross the 40°C and it can be considerable humidity. Normal or warm temperate can be found in the Middle Himalayan valleys with the temperature around 25°C, making it a relief for tourists to get rid of heat. Dehradun, Mussoorie, Nainital, Ranikhet, Rishikesh, Haridwar, Chamoli, Binsar, Jim Corbett etc are the most visiting places throughout the summer and the summer season lasts from April to June.
Monsoon is the most alluring weather, during the monsoon temperature falls more than 15 to 25 degree Celsius, monsoon lasts mostly July to September. It gives 90% of its annual rainfall in this season. The eastern parts of the Himalayas have to face heavy rain while the western is comparatively remains dry.
The Climate of Uttarakhand during winters in the plain region can be chilly with temperatures going below 5°C. In the winters the middle Himalayan valleys are very cold and in the higher altitude, the temperature can drop below the freezing point. Throughout the year many places receive regular snowfall. Nainital, Auli, Munsiyari, Dhanaulti, Chopta, Almora, Landour, Kausani etc. These places are the center of attraction for tourists throughout the winter. The winter season lasts from November to February.
Uttarakhand is also known as the land of gods (Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand). Peoples from all over the world come here to get peace in pilgrimages of Uttarakhand. Most of Uttarakhand holy sites are set at an altitude of some 10,000 ft above the sea level. The river Ganga and Yamuna are Deforestation Rivers of Uttarakhand these two rivers are known as the life-giving rivers. Badrinath, Gangotri, Kedarnath and Yamunotri are the four pilgrimages know as Chardham. It are connected that who travels to Chardham once in life he receives heaven. There are many other holy places which are connected with people's faith and believe in their god. Some holy places of Uttarakhand where travelers visit throughout the year are Panch Kedar, Panch Prayag( Vishnu Prayag, Nanda Prayag, Karna Prayag, Rudra Prayag, DevPrayag) Rishikesh and Haridwar.
Uttarakhand holds many natural spacious mountains. Uttarakhand has unique picturesque hill stations that include Nainital, Dehradun, Mussoorie, Ranikhet, Almora, and Bageshwar. The state is the home of beautiful hill stations. Uttarakhand is also known for glaciers. The famous glaciers of the Uttarakhand are Pindari, Gangotri, Khatling, Sundar Dhunga, Milam, Dukhroni, Chetrangi, Jumdar etc. Uttarakhand has a number of sparkling lakes namely Nainital, Sattal, Bhimtal, Nachketatal, Kadaktal, Bhadarsartal, Kakbushandital, Vasukhital etc.
Uttarakhand is also very famous for many kinds of adventure sports. Mountains and the water bodies of Uttarakhand are ideal conditions for adventure sports like trekking, skiing, kayaking, and rafting. Most popular places for adventure sports are Auli, Kuari, Ugyal, Tapovan, Hemkund, Kedarnath, Nilkantha Peak, Rishikesh, Nainital, Bhimtal etc. In these places, there is a crowd of travelers throughout the year.
In Uttarakhand, there is numerous wildlife sanctuaries and parks. It offers the nature lovers an abundance of animal and plant life and breathtakingly picturesque landscapes. Some of the prominent wildlife sanctuaries of Uttarakhand include Corbett National Park (Nainital), Nanda Devi National Park (Chamoli), Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary (Chamoli), Valley of Flowers (Chamoli), Rajaji National Park and Assan Barrage Wetland (Dehradun).
The state has the following uniqueness -
Uttarakhand has 28,508 km of roads, of which 1,328 km are national highways and 1,543 km are state highways. Uttarakhand has approx 345 km of railway treks. Reaching Uttarakhand is easy because of its connectivity with other cities of the country via air, rail and roads.
Uttarakhand has four Airports. The Jolly Grant airport in Dehradun, Pantnagar Airport near Nainital, Bharkot airport in Gangotri dham and Naini Saini airport in Pithoragarh. There are regular flights to these airports from major cities of the country.
There is a large road network which covers the entire state. The roads are well-connected with different state highways. These highways are connected to main tourist destinations and important places such as Haridwar, Rishikesh Nainital and Corbett National Park. It is easy to reach these places via road. Every day thousands of buses run for different destinations of Uttarakhand.
Rail network is very limited in Uttarakhand due to its hilly region. Rail network offers easiest traveling to some of the main places in Uttarakhand. Some important junctions of Uttarakhand includes Haridwar, Dehradun, Rishikesh, Kathgodam, Kotdwar, Pauri and Udham Singh Nagar. All these station are well connected to other cities of the country such as Delhi, Varanasi and Lucknow. Kathgodam railway station is the last station and it is known as the gateway of Kumaon.